All races of breeds of domestic pigeon columba livia domestic
have been evolved from rock pigeon also called a rock dove
columba livia or our jungli kabootar (wild pigeon) that
cohabits with man every where in the world. The domestic
pigeon breeds are believed to have been developed in the
east and Europe had no original breed of its own. According
to the Marco polo, trade in pigeons was at its peak during
his time along the silk route. This is because pigeon fancy
was a status symbol amongst the mughals elite and gentry.
Mughals are also supposed to have introduced this pet into
the sub continent. The first fantail in Britain was gifted
to Queen Elizabeth by great mughals emperor Akbar in the
16th century. In crusades Muslims used pigeons frequently
The mughal Emperor Babar wrote in his biography about
the sport of pigeon keeping, but Akbar the great was crazy
about pigeon keeping. Abul Fazal (one of his senator)
wrote that whenever king (Akbar) goes on a trip his men
carry pigeons with him. Normally
more than two thousands birds went with him. They were
kept in special carriers. In his book (Aieen e
Akbri) he told in detail about the kinds, breeding techniques,
their special feed for flying, buying and selling of pigeons.
He told about the techniques used by Akbar the great about
in a good flying pigeon. Raising pigeons was very popular
and prestigious hobby amongst mughals and pigeon houses
were an essential part of the palaces. Havelies, etc of
the elite rich, Nawabs Rajas and kings of those times.
Keeping of pigeons
In almost all the cases tipplers are kept on the rooftops.
Every cage should be one pen made of wire mesh either
in front of the main door or on top of the cage. These
pens can be seen in my picture gallery. Normally breeding
pairs are kept separately. The male and female that are
flown in the competition should also be kept separately.
Good breeding seasons are mid October till mid May. The
month of June till September males and females are kept
Normal feed consists of grains like wheat, pulses, rice,
millet and corn. Although tipplers flyer dont like
corn given to their birds. Apart from normal feed many
prescriptions of local herbs are given. It is difficult
for me to translate them in to English, but I will try
to add them. But normally almonds are used extensively
for keeping flying birds in top condition. Flying birds
are always under fed and over feeding is avoided at all
costs. Water should be given very little when the birds
return after his flight.