hatching a chicken egg, egg incubation, chicken egg incubation, duck, pecacock, bird, parakeets
Two days before incubation:
Prepare and adjust the incubator 2 days or 3 days before setting the eggs. Ensure that the incubator is clean and sanitized. Make proper adjustments to the temperature and humidity at this time. Adjustments made while eggs are set can either lengthen or shorten the time of hatch, or kill or damage the embryos. If the incubator has an automatic turner, make sure the turner functions properly. The temperature in the room where the incubator is located should also be controlled during this time. Do not set the eggs until temperature and humidity are correct and stable.

Cleaning and fumigation:

Microbial infection in an incubator can significantly reduce hatchability of eggs. Cleaning procedures and disinfecting equipment should be part of standard operating procedures. Incubators, hatchers and the racks should be disinfected with quaternary ammonia or commercial disinfectant after each hatch.

incubated, Japanese Quail, Swan, Turkey, Emu, Ostrich, Rhea, peacock, duck, pheasant, cockatiel, cockatoo, finch
Some larger businesses fumigate incubators before setting eggs. Occasionally the incubators are fumigated briefly with lower concentrations of the fumigant while eggs are in the incubator. Do not fumigate eggs after the first day of incubation. Embryos are sensitive to fumigation between 2 days and 5 days of incubation. When eggs are fumigated at set, exposure of the eggs should be limited. Only trained individuals should use these techniques.

The day eggs are set

Remove eggs from storage and allow them to warm to room temperature for 4 hours to 8 hours before setting in the incubator. Cold eggs placed into a warm, humid incubator will become covered in condensation that will increase the possibility of egg contamination. Ensure that proper records are maintained so that eggs are turned a minimum of three to five times in a 24-hour period.

Failure to turn eggs adequately results in embryo death. Use of an automatic turner considerably simplifies the work and decreases human error during the incubation process.

Once eggs are in the incubator, do not adjust the temperature or humidity for a few hours unless the temperature exceeds 102 degrees F. After 4 hours, make proper adjustments. The final temperature should vary only degree above or below 99.5 degrees F. The temperature of incubators without circulating fans fluctuates more than incubators with circulating fans. If the temperature does not exceed 102 degrees F, the hatch should not be harmed.

The small end of the egg should be lower than the large end of the egg when set in the incubator. An embryo orients during incubation so that the head develops toward the large end of the egg where the air cell is located. A chick's head can orient away from the air cell of the egg if the small end is higher than the large end during incubation. An embryo oriented in the wrong direction will not hatch.
Stages in chick embryo development
Chick embryos that have been incubated for approximately 48, 72 and 96 hours after fertilization will be available for you to examine. However, specimens of similar ages post-fertilization may show a wide variation of maturation stages.Chick embryos that have been incubated for approximately 48, 72 and 96 hours after fertilization will be available for you to examine. However, specimens of similar ages post-fertilization may show a wide variation of maturation stages. The incubation times provide only an estimation of how far development of the embryo will have progressed. The temperature of incubation (which may be different among eggs depending on their locations within the incubator), as well as the rate of growth of the individual embryo itself will affect the overall ..... More
Description about incubation periods, sizes, eggs in clutch
Valuable Information For The Beginner To The Most Advanced Breeder (Collection of Books, videos, etc)
Incubator setting for parrot/parakeets
Click here to View total Incubation time to Hatch, time for transfer to hatcher, Dry and Web bulb temperature for common bird:

Canary, Chicken, Cockatiel, Cockatoo, Conure, Sun Conure, Dove, Duck, Muscovy Duck, Zebra Finch, Domestic Goose, Geese, Grouse, Guinea, Lovebird, Macaw, Mynah Parakeet, Budgerigar, Parrot, African Grey, Chukar Partridge, Peafowl, Ptarmigan, Raven, Ringneck, Pheasant, Pheasant, Pigeon, Bobwhite Quail, Japanese Quail, Swan, Turkey, Emu, Ostrich, Rhea
Incubator Resources
Egg Incubators...
Poultry Egg Incubators, Chicken, Duck, Turkey, Kiwi, Quail, Emu, Ostrich, ... This incubator features automatic egg turning, forced air circulation and has ..., more resources...

Chicken Incubator...
Family Self Sufficiency Chicken Incubator home build project ... The 'KUKU' chicken egg incubator is a low powered non regulated incubator that is simple ... .more resources

Poultry Incubators...
UK based suppliers of Poultry incubators with capacities of up to 120000 eggs available. Other poultry equipment includes heat lamps, vermin control ... more resources

Homemade Incubators
Build Your Own Incubator - Detailed instructions on making a home made incubator.... more resources

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Home | Fertile Egg Quality | Storing Fertile Eggs | Temperature and humidity during storage
Incubator | Two days before incubation | Set stage | Hatch Stage | Egg Candling | Signs of Deficiency in the Embryo |
Embryo Mortality (Death)
| Signs of Embryonic Development | Incubation period of common birds | Chick Classification

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